Investigation of Leaf Flavonoids of Reseda (Tourn.) et L. (Resedaceae) Members in Markazi Province, Iran


Reseda (Tourn.) et L. is a genus inResedaceae family with 153 species and subspecies in the world and 14 species in Iran. Some flavonoid compounds have been reported from the Reseda genus. Flavonoids are as one set of the polyphenolic compounds among secondary metabolites in different organs of plants that are used in plant chemotaxonomy. They have basic role in pollination and life cycle of anthmophyllus plants and also their spreading abroad and survival. Phytochemical studies on 10 collected Reseda populations of 3 species (R. lutea L., R. bungei Boiss. and R. buhseana Mull-Arg.) from different parts of Markazi Province, Iran area were done using 2-dimentional paper chromatography (2-DPC) and thin layer chromatography (TLC). Voucher specimens of each population were prepared for reference as herbarium vouchers. Results showed all of populations contain flavonoid sulphates and flavone C and C-/O-glycosides. All of studied R. lutea populations had kaempferol and quercetin. While both myricetin and luteolin were found in R. buhseana and R. bungei species, where as R. lutea lack.


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