Guide for Writing Article

Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. 
All manuscripts and any supplementary material should be submitted via the journal's online submission and peer-review systems at, Please follow the instructions given on this site. 


Types of articles

The types of manuscripts that will be accepted for publication in JMPB are Reviews, Research Reports (full papers), Research Notes, Research Letters, Techniques and Letters-to-Editor.


The format for each of these styles is summarized as follows: (Ensure that the following items are present)

1. Author: (One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details)

  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address

2. Manuscript: (All necessary files have been uploaded)

  • Include keywords
  • All figures (include relevant captions)
  • All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)
  • Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided
  • Supplemental files (where applicable)

3. Further considerations:

  • Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'
  • All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)
  • Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed
  • Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements


Before You Begin

Ethics in publishing

Please see our information on Ethics in publishing



A Review, as its name suggests, should not include any original work other than unpublished data of the author and should be a review of the literature. Reviews should be critical, have no more than two authors, and should not exceed forty typewritten pages. Reviews will generally be invited, although potential authors can submit Reviews for consideration.


Research Reports

A Research Report should be a short paper describing an original research study. The manuscript should be arranged in the order: Abstract, Key Word Index, Introduction, Experimental and Results and Discussion.


Research Notes

A paper that follows the format of Research Report but is less than four typewritten pages, or is obviously preliminary results, may be published as a Research Notes. A Research Note should be a brief note on the chemical composition of a medicinal plant. It should contain: Abstract (brief), Key Word Index, Plant Name (or synonymy, if important, and plant family), Source (origin of plant material), Plant Part, Previous Work, Present Work (brief description of analytical techniques used and list of components characterized).


Research Letters

A Research Letter is reserved for the publication of the IR, NMR, and MS spectra of uncommon or rare components for which there is not a published spectrum or the published spectra are obscure. The Research Letter should contain the origin of the compound, the CAS number, a comment on the purity of the compound, the conditions under which the compound was isolated, the spectra were obtained, and the spectra. Keep the number of references to a bare minimum.



A paper describing a technique or procedure that can be used to assist a medicinal plants scientist in any facet of his/her work can be submitted. The format for such a paper is less formal than for a Research Report because it depends on the subject matter as to how it should be represented. The technique must be fully described in an unambiguous way so that a reader can completely duplicate it.



A letter or discussion of a controversial issue can be submitted for publication. Before it is published, however, some comment letters will be solicited and obtained so that a combination of the original letter and some support or counterpoints can be published together.


Instructions for Authors

All manuscripts must be double-spaced throughout on regular letter-size paper with the margins of 2.5 cm from each side. The language of publication is English. Manuscripts must be checked by an English specialist before submission.


Online Submission

  • All files must be submitted together in one communication. They include cover letter, main text (Including Title Page, Manuscript Abstract, Keyword, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, and Figure Captions), Tables, Figures, and Supplementary Files.
  • Authors should submit their manuscripts online and through journal website:


The Manuscript's Language

The journal's language is English. Spelling and terminology might be in either British or American English. We appreciate any efforts that are made to ensure the wording before submission. This will substantially increase the legibility of your paper, if English is not your native language.


Manuscript Presentation

Titles for the sections of a manuscript that should be included are Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, and References. There shouldn't be any more subheadings in the document. On one side alone, manuscripts should be typewritten in Times New Roman at 12 point size on A4 paper with enough margins all around for reviewers' comments. Please provide all material double spacing. the first page, which includes:


Title Page

The title page should include:

  • Title
  • Running Title: A concise and informative title
  • The name(s) of the author(s) as: Mohammad Mohammadi Niya
  • The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s), including address, telephone number, fax number and e-mail address, and the Orcid number of all authors.
  •  The address, e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author (Corresponding author is responsible for correspondence. For papers extracted from an academic research in universities or institutes, the corresponding author should be the supervisor.)



The text should include: Title, Author(s) name and Address, Manuscript Abstract, Keyword, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussions, Conclusion, Acknowledgement, and References.



Please provide an abstract of 150 to 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.



Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.



Please avoid notes and footprints.



Text Formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.

  • Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.
  • Use italics for emphasis.
  • Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.
  • Do not use field functions.
  • Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
  • Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
  • Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions).



Please use no more than three levels of displayed headings.



Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.



  • Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables.
  • Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols.

Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.


Conflict of Interests

The authors have not declared any conflict of interests.



Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.



The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication it must be arranged in number order. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list. The entries in the list should be numbered consecutively.

Note: The EndNote file of the journal 


Reference style


  • Citation in text

Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers in square brackets. Some examples:

1. Negotiation research spans many disciplines [3].

2. This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman [5].

3. This effect has been widely studied [1-3, 7].


  • Reference to a journal publication

4. Bakkali F., Averbeck S., Averbeck D., Idaomar M. Biological effects of  essential oils - A Review. J. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008;46:446-475.


  • Reference to a book

5. Rai M., Varma A. Mycotoxins in Food, Feed and Bioweapons, Springer-Verlag. 2010.


  • Reference to a chapter in an edited book

6. Razzaghi-Abyaneh M., Shams-Ghahfarokhi M., Rezaee M.B., Sakuda S. Natural Aflatoxin Inhibitors from Medicinal Plants. In: Rai M, Varma A (eds.) Mycotoxins in Food. Feed and Bioweapons, Springer-Verlag Publication. 2010, pp. 329-354.


  • Reference to a dataset

7. Oguro M., Imahiro S., Saito S., Nakashizuka T., Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions. Mendeley Data. v1, 2015.


Journal abbreviations source

Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations



  • All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals (Table 1, Table 2, etc.)
  • Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order (1, 2, etc.).
  • For each table, please supply a table caption (a title on top of the table) explaining the components of the table (Table 1 the sample of plants.).
  • Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption (Table 1 the sample of plants [24].).
  • Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.


Graphs & Maps

The positive effect of colors in assigning them to each graph & map is undeniable because the use of color properties to visualize them to enhance comprehension is beneficial. So consider the following:

  • Graphs/figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals (Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc.)
  • Graphs/figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order (1, 2, etc.).
  • For each figure/graph, please supply a table caption (a title below the figure or graph) explaining the components of the figure/graph (Fig.1 the sample of plants.).
  • Graphs and maps have to be in color.
  • If black and white will be shown in the print version, make sure that the main information will still be visible. Many colors are not distinguishable from one another when converted to black and white. A simple way to check this is to make a xerographic copy to see if the necessary distinctions between the different colors are still apparent.
  • If the figures will be printed in color, refer to color in the captions.
  • Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).


Figure Numbering

  • All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
  • If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, "A1, A2, A3, etc." Figures in online appendices (Electronic Supplementary Material) should, however, be numbered separately.


Figure Captions

  • Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.
  • Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.


Figure Placement and Size

  • When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.
  • ­For most journals the figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.
  • For books and book-sized journals, the figures should be 80 mm or 122 mm wide and not higher than 198 mm.


Electronic Supplementary Material

JMPB accepts electronic multimedia files (animations, movies, audio, etc.) and other supplementary files to be published online along with an article or a book chapter. This feature can add dimension to the author's article, as certain information cannot be printed or is more convenient in electronic form.



  • Supply all supplementary material in standard file formats.
  • Please include in each file the following information: article title, journal name, author names; affiliation and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
  • To accommodate user downloads, please keep in mind that larger-sized files may require very long download times and that some users may experience other problems during downloading.


After Acceptance


In order for JMPB to publish and disseminate research articles, we need certain publishing rights from authors, which are determined by a publishing agreement between the author and JMPB. Upon acceptance of your article, you will receive an E-mail for signing the Copyright Transfer Statement online and indicate whether you wish to order offprints or printing of figures in color. From the journal website at, authors are urged to obtain the copyright and cover letter. Please send a completed and signed form to the Journal of Medicinal Plants and By-products (JMPB) office through mail or fax.


Proof Reading

The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor. Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author by e-mail. The author's response should be sent within 72 hours. After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.


Conflict of Interest

The reliability of published publications and public faith in the peer-review process both depend in part on how successfully conflicts of interest are managed during the authoring, peer-review, and editorial decision-making processes. When the authors, associated organizations, reviewers, or editors have business or personal ties that improperly affect their decisions, there is a conflict of interest. Whether or not someone thinks the relationship has an impact on their scientific judgment, a conflict of interest might nevertheless exist.

Any connections that can lead to possible conflicts of interest must be disclosed by everyone taking part in the journal's peer-review process for all submissions. The disclosure declarations may serve as the foundation for editorial judgment calls by editors. If the journal editors think this information is crucial for evaluating the articles, they should publish it. Potential conflicts of interest are more likely to occur than not in the following situations:

1. Authors’ Commitment: Authors are accountable for revealing any financial or interpersonal connections that might influence the content of their submissions. They must make it clear if there are any possible conflicts. The names of those who helped with writing or other tasks should be listed, along with the funding source(s).

2. Source of Funding: Studies may obtain financing from a variety of organizations, including businesses, charitable foundations, and/or the government. The terms of the financing might skew the results or invalidate them. If a sponsor has made an effort to exert influence over the authors' right to publish, the journal's editors may decide to reject an article.

The Conflict of Interest Form is available for download here.


Online First

The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numbers.


Authorship Criteria

Everyone who has made a significant intellectual contribution to the research that formed the basis of the paper (such as the research question, design, analysis, interpretation, and written description) should be considered an author. Only those who have made significant intellectual contributions should be considered authors. Technical assistance, text translation, patient recruitment, material provision, funding, or administrative control over the facilities where the work was carried out are not, by themselves, sufficient for authorship, though they may be acknowledged in the manuscript. For the integrity of the entire work, one author as a guarantor should assume responsibility. The author who submits the article and requests reviews is frequently the corresponding author, but other authors can also fill this position. The final manuscript draft must be approved by all authors. It is best if all authors are familiar with every facet of the work. Modern research is frequently conducted in groups with complementary areas of expertise, thus it's possible that not every author is equally knowledgeable about every facet of the project. As a result, certain authors' contributions might be limited to particular elements of the overall work.


Additional Information

Journal of Medicinal Plants and By-products (JMPB)

Iranian Medicinal Plants Association,

Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands,

P.O. Box: 14965-138

Tehran, Iran

Tel: +98-21-44787212

Fax: +98-21-44787212